Black, White and Blue Smoke From Car Exhaust ,Meaning And Causes Of malfunction
Black, Blue and White Smoke From Car Exhaust ,Meaning And Causes Of malfunction
Incomplete combustion of the fuel-air mixture can lead to smoke formation. Failures in the combustion process signal that coolant enters the combustion chamber. These faults are capable of painting exhaust gases in different colors.
Malfunctions why the car smokes
1. Problem with fuel supply;
2. Wear of the piston group;
3. The gas distribution mechanism does not work correctly or is faulty;
4. The cooling system is faulty, which can lead to overheating.
black or gray exhaust smoke? Reasons are:
Such a malfunction can appear for several reasons:
1. difficult engine start;
2. increased fuel consumption;
3. noticeable loss of power;
4. catalytic converter failure, etc.
the darker smoke emitted from the exhaust is generally nothing to worry about and is linked with the balance of combustion controlled by the ECU a darker visible exhaust gas is due to an overly rich fuel mixture created when the air fuel ratio dissends below the optimum ratio the spark at ignition can only combust a certain amount of fuel in a cycle so unburnt fuel is pushed out into the exhaust system and is combusted downstream of its intended combustion chamber these conditions can be caused by a leaking fuel injector a blocked fuel return pipe a broken oxygen or airflow sensor or a fuel pressure regulator stock closed a dirty air filter will also prohibit clean air from making it through to the combustion chamber not only will this constrict the volume of air entering the cylinders it will also make for less efficient combustion
White exhaust smoke? Reasons are:
White Smoke will emanate from the exhaust tips this is nothing to worry about and is created by vapor from combustion if your car is fully warmed up the ambient temperature is reasonable and if your car is still producing steam however you could be looking at head gasket failure or even a crack cylinder head or block from overheating the head gasket is designed to keep the oil and coolant systems apart along with cementing the cylinder head and combustion Chambers together a split in the gasket will send liquids into places they shouldn’t be and if a head gasket fails in a particular area coolant will enter the cylinders the engine will then try to compress and combust water leading to potentially catastrophic engine damage and also steam pouring out of the exhaust the size of the leak will dictate how much steam is produced but often when a head gasket fails you won’t be able to see out of the back window due to your car suddenly morphing into an actual steam engine if that’s the case then pull over as quickly as you can and pray to the car gods so there you have it the differences between engine smoke colours and what they’re trying to tell you happy smoke diagnosing
1. Head gasket problems
The head gasket blocks the internal combustion process and prevents the coolant and oil from mixing.
The appearance of a thick cloud of white smoke in the warm season after the internal combustion engine has warmed up often indicates that coolant enters the cylinders.
Gasket perforation or damage to the cylinder head gasket is usually the result of engine overheating. When coolant enters the combustion chamber from the head gasket, it burns/vaporizes into white smoke.
Check the bottom of the oil filler cap. If the oil in your engine is mixed with antifreeze, it will leave a creamy, light brown coating. And on the dipstick when checking the oil, you will most likely see an emulsion.
2. Cracked engine block
Coolant can leak out through cracks and ignite white smoke from high temperatures in the engine compartment.
3. Damaged cylinder head
Parts can be deformed due to overheating and cause misfiring of the engine.
If the seal is lost, the coolant can escape through the holes and ignite with white smoke.
blue exhaust smoke? Reasons are:
blue looking smoke can be found in cars that have unwanted oil mixing with the air fuel mixture this means there’s a contaminant with this cylinders and its combusting along with the air and fuel this cross contamination is caused by engine where to the cylinders pistons and valves along with failed seals a damaged valve stem seal or guide will also allow oil to make its way down from the valve train above the cylinder head while a damaged piston ring will allow oil from the crankcase to squeeze its way upwards and enter the cylinders the differing pressures within the combustion chamber throughout the engine cycle will lead to oil being sucked through any leaks in the same way that the air fuel mixture is sucked in via the opening of the inlet valve this can lead to lack of compression within the cylinders and increase pressure within the crankcase resulting increased power blue smoke can be common in modified and turbocharged cars by turning up the power output in an engine more stress is apply to each component increasing where and the possibility of oil leaks turbo chargers themselves can also fail allowing the oil use to lubric ate the turbine to Spill from bad seals into the cylinders along with the compressed air adding to the airfuel mixture contamination white smoke white-looking smoke probably isn’t smoked at all but Steam and this can potentially be nothing bad or you could be a mile or two away from an engine replacement you may notice that from a cold start
1. Worn pistons and piston rings
The pistons use rings to provide an airtight seal to the cylinders of an internal combustion engine. After prolonged wear, the rings can leak oil into the fuel, which eventually burns out as blue smoke.
2. Faulty PCV (Positive Crakcase Ventilation ) valve
The PCV valve, or positive crankcase ventilation system, releases exhaust gases and unburned fuel from the cylinder block.
If the PCV valve fails, it will mix oil, air and other gases inside the engine. When this mixture burns, blue smoke is produced.
3. Worn engine seals.
These seals can wear out, causing oil to leak and burn out as blue smoke.
4. On machines with a turbocharger, blue smoke can separately indicate problems with the turbine
Most often, a turbocharged engine smokes due to the fact that the bearings and seals of the turbine rotor are worn out. In such cases, oil through the turbocharger enters the exhaust system and burns out, forming oil smoke.
As for the timing, oil smoke is often associated with wear on the valve stem, guide bushings and problems with valve stem seals. The engine may also smoke blue exhaust if there is a problem with the ignition. To check, you can unscrew the spark plug on the problem cylinder. The presence of abundant black soot will indicate a problem.